The Sanskrit word Mudra is translated as “gesture” or “attitude.” Mudras can be described as psychic, emotional, devotional and aesthetic gestures or attitudes. “Mudra” is the traditional term for yoga poses involving the hands. Mudras have a range of traditional uses – from meditation aids to symbolic gestures; from healing poses to dance moves; from invocations to prayers. Much of the literature associated with healing and therapy using mudras deals with effects of mudras on distant parts of the body – in a manner rather reminiscent of reflexology
Some Common Mudras
The back of the right hand rests on the palm of the other in such a way that the tips of the thumbs lightly touch one another. The hands rest in the lap. The right hand, resting on top, symbolizes the state of enlightenment; the other hand, resting below, the world of appearance. This gesture expresses overcoming the world of appearance through enlightenment, as well as the enlightened state of mind for which samsara and nirvana are one. In a special form of this mudra, the middle, ring, and little fingers of both hands lie on top one another and the thumbs and index finger of each hand, touching each other, form a circle, which here also symbolizes the world of appearance and the true nature of reality.
The palms are held together at the level of the chest. This is the customary gesture of greeting in India. Used as a mudra, it expresses “suchness” (tahata).
Touch the tip of the thumb to the tip of the index finger, with the other three fingers stretched out. As it is a mudra of knowledge, it enhances the knowledge. The tip of thumb has centers of pituitary and endocrine glands. When we press these centers by index finger the two glands work actively. Increases memory power and sharpens the brain, enhances concentration and prevents Insomnia. If we practice it regularly, it will cure psychological disorders like Mental, Hysteria and Depression.
Touch the index finger on the base of the thumb and press with thumb keeping the other three fingers straight. It prevents all the diseases that occur due to the imbalance of the air, benefits Rheumatism, Arthritis, Parkinson’s disease. It is useful for Cervical Spondilytis, paralysis to face and dislocation of nerve in neck. It corrects the disorder of gas in the stomach.