Ayurveda is an ancient study, more specifically a science of life. Ayu means life and Veda means knowledge.
The aim of Ayurveda is to prevent illness, heal the sick and preserve life; to protect health and prolong life; and to eliminate diseases and dysfunction of the body.
According to Ayurveda, the universe is made up of five elements air, fire, water, earth and ether. The elements are represented in humans by the three “ doshas”
Vata = air + ether
Pitta = fire + water
Kapha = water + earth
Vata is like wind.
They are fast and creative types. Their body is typically with slender frame, lightweight bone structure, dry, rough or dark skin, large, crooked or protruding teeth, thin gums, small thin lips and mouth, dull dark eyes.
Their characteristics are that they are often constipated, they have little perspiration, poor long-term memory, good short-term memory, anxious, nervous, depression, love of travel, dislike cold weather, slight to variable appetite. The organ that represents Vata is the colon. Their typical imbalance is constipation. Vata people need a routine that helps ground moving energy.
They love to travel. However this very same quality of the love to travel, especially air travel, can imbalance Vata. Because they are already having air characteristic which is dry and cold, they can be aggravated by cold, frozen or dried foods. They need food that warm, no extreme cold, raw or frozen food. Their food should be moist rather than dry food.
Pita is like lava.
They are determined and strong willed with good digestion. Their body is typically with medium height and build, fair to reddish complexion and hair coloring, small yellowish teeth, soft gums, green/grayish eyes, average size mouth.
Their characteristics include that they have sharp/clear voice, light sleeper, intelligent, clear memory, jealous, ambitious, sexually passionate, dislike hot weather, loves luxury, loose stools, strong appetite, often thirsty.
Their organs are the small intestine and stomach. When they get imbalanced, they tend to have skin rashes, burning, inflammation, fever, ulcers, anger, or jealousy. Pitta people should remain cool, avoiding excess heat, steam or humidity. They should avoid excessive oily food or fried food, no caffeine, alcohol, red meat, hot spices, or salt. They should eat fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains. Pitta people also needs plenty of fresh air.
Kapha is like mud.
They have good endurance, strength and stamina. Their body is typically with large frame, they tends to be overweight, they have thick and pale colored oily skin, strong white teeth, blue eyes, full lips/large mouth.
Kapha characteristics are that they speak in slow monotone, they require deep sleep. They have steady appetite, heavy sweating, large soft stools, business oriented, good memory, passive, dislikes cold and damp, loves good food, enjoys familiar surroundings. The Kapha organ is the chest, and correlated with production of mucus. When they get imbalanced, they tend to have congestion, sinusitis, sluggishness, weight gain, diabetes, water retention. For Kapha people, a break from routine is good.
They should physically be active, consume little fried or fatty food, avoid icy drinks, sweets or excessive amount of bread. They must eat plenty of fresh vegetables. They should allow excitement, change and challenge as part of their life.
Understanding our dosha that we are born with, will make it easy to steer away from imbalances in life and live healthily according to who we are.